If it’s Tuesday, it must be Wednesday.
The Time Zone system counts 12 hours in either direction from Greenwich and meets up more or less in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. This imaginary boundary is called the International Date Line and anywhere it meets, an extremely strange thing happens. Time jumps ahead 24 hours – an entire day. If you fly from China to the West Coast of the US, for example, the jump can be particularly tough on the body.
Flying long-haul can be very tough on your body. Timezone changes mixed with hours of sitting uncomfortably (unless you’re lucky to fly business class or above) is not something many look forward too.
Timezone changes can work both ways. When Concorde was in operation (1976 – 2003) flying from London to New York you could arrive, in terms of local time, before you left. A New York to London flight took only 3 hours 20 minutes (the fastest journey was 2 hours 52 minutes and 59 seconds!).
How bad does it get? What are the longest plane journeys?
The biggest limitation to flying distance is aircraft — it takes a lot of fuel to keep a plane in the air.
The Boeing 777-200LR (the LR stands for Long Range) is the aircraft with the largest potential range, 17,395km (the circumference of the earth is 40,008km).
Did you know? The aircraft with the longest ranges are: 1. Boeing 777-200LR (17,395km), 2. Airbus A340-500 (16,670km), 3. Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner (15,750km).
Longest distance routes (by aircraft type)
The longest route (distance) operated by a Turboprop aircraft is the Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 (1726 km / PD175).
All of the 10 longest flights are operated by jet powered aircraft. The longest route (distance) operated by a Jetliner aircraft is the Boeing 777-200LR (14,524km / QR 921). This is just under 3000km short of the aircrafts max operating range (17,395km).
Notably, flight SV 41 operated by an Boeing 777-300ER between Jeddah and LA takes about 16 hours 55 mins to cover 13,400km. However, flight UA 179 (San Francisco to Singapore) covers a longer distance (13,600km) but is 35 minutes shorter in duration (16 hours 20 mins) operated on a Boeing 787-9.
Longest distance (by active routes)
|Rank (dist.)||From – To||Flight number||Distance km||Scheduled duration||Aircraft type|
|1||Auckland-Doha||QR 921||14524||17:35:00||Boeing 777-200LR|
|2||Auckland-Dubai||EK 449||14203||17:15:00||Airbus A380-799|
|3||Dallas/Fort Worth-Sydney||QF 8||13804||16:55:00||Airbus A380-800|
|4||San Francisco-Singapore||SQ 31||13593||16:55:00||Airbus A350|
|5||San Francisco-Singapore||UA 179||13593||16:20:00||Boeing 787-9|
|6||Johannesburg-Atlanta||DL 201||13582||16:40:00||Boeing 777-200LR|
|7||Abu Dhabi-Los Angeles||EY 171||13502||16:30:00||Boeing 777-200LR|
|8||Dubai-International-Los Angeles||EK 215||13420||16:35:00||Airbus A380-800|
|9||Jeddah-Los Angeles||SV 41||13409||16:30:00||Boeing 777-300ER|
|10||Doha-Los Angeles||QR 739||13367||16:25:00||Boeing 777-200LR|
|11||Dubai-Houston||EK 211||13144||16:20:00||Airbus A380-800|
Did you know? The longest routes (distance) currently in operation are: 1. QR921 Auckland – Doha (14,524km / 17h35m / 777-200LR), 2. EK449 Auckland – Dubai (14,203km / 17h15m / A380-800), 3. QF8 Dallas – Sydney (13,804km / 16h55m / A380-800)
Longest distance (by discontinued routes)
The longest journey (distance) ever operated was SQ21 Newark – Singapore (15,345km) and took 18h50m (ouch!). This route was flown by a A340-500 (max range 16,670km).
SQ37, LA – Singapore (14,114km) took 18h05m flown on an A340-500. This journey is almost an hour longer than QR921 Auckland – Doha (14,524km / 17h35m) currently flown on a 777-200LR. Both routes are about equal in distance and the direction of travel is the same. The time difference can be attributed to cruising speeds of each aircraft: 777-200LR = 1037km/h vs. A340-500 = 945 km/h — about 100 km/h slower.
Shortest distance (by active routes)
|Rank (dist.)||From To||Flight Number||Distance (km)||Scheduled duration (min)||Aircraft Type|
|10||Kos-Kalymnos||A3 7036/7037||23||20||De Havilland Canada Dash 8|
|9||Karpathos-Kasos Island||OA 34||22||5||De Havilland Canada Dash 8|
|8||Cayman Brac-Little Cayman||KX 4421||22||10||DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300|
|7||Papeete (Fa’a’ā)-Moorea||VT 201||18||15||ATR 72|
|6||Saipan-Tinian||FP 101||17.4||10||Piper PA-31 Navajo|
|4||Hoʻolehua (Molokai Airport)-Kalaupapa||LW 270/280/290||14.2||10||Cessna 208B Grand Caravan|
|3||Minami-Daito-Kita-Daito||RAC835/RAC836||12||15||Bombardier Dash 8|
|2||Caye Chapel-Caye Caulker||MW 2100||3.8||2||Cessna 208 Caravan|
|1||Westray-Papa Westray||LOG312/LOG313||2.73||2||Britten-Norman Islander|
Anyone who has spent 17 hours on a plane knows how tough it can be on the body. That said, flights where you spend longer in the airport then in the air can be frustrating.
The shortest route flown by time and distance is between Westray and Papa Westray in Scotland. The distance is 2.73km and the flight takes just 2 minutes. It’s a hotly contested route for airlines. In 2013 a one-way ticket was priced at £21 (a brief search did not uncover recent prices).
Interestingly, the 9th shortest flight by distance, Karpathos-Kasos Island (22km), takes just 5 minutes on the De Havilland Canada Dash 8.
I would like to compare how the flight duration differences changed based on average cruising speed of different aircraft.
On 5 February 2017, Qatar Airways started nonstop flights between Doha and Auckland, making this flight the longest in the world. The flight covers 14,524 kilometres and is operated by Boeing 777-200LR aircraft.