Cell Tower

The cost of 1GB of mobile data in 228 countries

When travelling, I’ll often purchase a temporary SIM card for data usage in that country.

It’s sometime surprising how little these cost, in reference to US mobile tariffs.

Which got me thinking; where does the USA sit in the mobile data league table?

Methodology

Data from 5,554 mobile data plans in 228 countries were gathered and analysed by Cable.co.uk between 3 February and 25 February 2020. The average cost of one gigabyte (1GB) was then calculated and compared to form a worldwide mobile data pricing league table. Full methodology can be read here.

All prices shown in USD ($).

Results

The country league table

Average price of 1GB of Mobile Data by Country

Download chart.

Average price of 1GB (USD) vs Name

View interactive map.

Rank Name Average price of 1GB (USD)
1 India 0.09
2 Israel 0.11
3 Kyrgyzstan 0.21
4 Italy 0.43
5 Ukraine 0.46
224 São Tomé and Príncipe 28.26
225 Bermuda 28.75
226 Nauru 30.47
227 Falkland Islands 40.41
228 Saint Helena 52.50

Full table.

The five most expensive countries in terms of the average cost of 1GB of mobile data are São Tomé and Príncipe ($28.26), Bermuda ($28.75), Nauru ($30.47), Falkland Islands ($40.41) and Saint Helena ($52.50).

The similarities between these five nations are both striking and obvious. They are all island nations. Islands are less likely to have an extensive fibre infrastructure, and since mobile networks normally rely on connection to a fibre backbone, other more expensive solutions such as satellite uplink have had to be instituted – a cost passed on to the consumer.

The five cheapest countries in terms of the average cost of 1GB of mobile data are India ($0.09), Israel ($0.11), Kyrgyzstan ($0.21), Italy ($0.43), and Ukraine ($0.46).

Conversely to the most expensive, none of these countries are islands. Further, they all either contain excellent fibre broadband infrastructure (Italy, India, Ukraine, Israel), or in the case of Kyrgyzstan rely heavily on mobile data as the primary means to keep its populace connected to the rest of the world.

The global mean average is $5.09, and median is $3.24 for 1GB of mobile data.

The region league table

Average price of 1GB of Mobile Data by Region

Download chart.

Continental region Number of countries Average price of 1GB (USD)
NORTHERN AFRICA 7 2.06
CIS (FORMER USSR) 11 2.16
ASIA (EX. NEAR EAST) 28 2.28
BALTICS 3 2.31
WESTERN EUROPE 29 3.13
CENTRAL AMERICA 8 3.24
EASTERN EUROPE 15 3.42
NEAR EAST 15 4.46
SOUTH AMERICA 13 5.80
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA 47 6.91
CARIBBEAN 28 7.19
OCEANIA 20 7.85
NORTHERN AMERICA 4 14.71

Full table.

 

It’s notable when looking at the global league table how far down it you have to read before you get to Canada and the United States. The largest and richest North American nations are ranked 209 and 188 in the world in terms of the price of mobile data with 1GB costing an average $12.55 in Canada and $8.00 in the US.

The other two countries regarded as being part of Northern America are vastly different – there’s the north Atlantic island nation of Bermuda ($28.75), which is easily the most expensive in the region (and fourth most expensive in the world), and Greenland ($9.56), which sits mostly in the Arctic circle and has only one mobile provider.

The seven Northern African countries included in the research appear higher up the table than the majority of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, although none make it into the top ten cheapest in the world.

The cheapest country in the region is Algeria, with an average of $0.65, followed by Western Sahara and Morocco (both $0.99). These three all make it into the world’s top 40 cheapest and even Libya, the most expensive country in Northern Africa, still avoids the bottom 50 with an average of $4.73.

Improvements

It’s important to stress the word cheap is used in relation to other countries throughtout this post.

Whilst $0.09 is cheap for many Westerners, for a large proportion of the Indian population, based on income, this might not be the case.

It would therefore be useful to adjust the calculated cost based on the median income of each country.

tl;dr

India is the cheapest country in which to buy mobile data, with the average cost of 1GB at USD 0.09. The United States is one of the most expensive developed nations for purchasing mobile data, coming in 188th in the world, and with an average 1GB cost of USD 8.00 – well above the global average.

Footnotes

  1. Data sources + data used in this post.
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